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The A&P Professor Podcast
TAPP Radio

Content updates and teaching advice for teachers of human anatomy & physiology (A&P) from professor, author, and mentor Kevin Patton. 

Have a question, comment, or an idea for an episode you'd like to hear—or in which you would like to participate or help plan? Contact host Kevin Patton. Or call the podcast hotline at 1-833-LION-DEN (1-833-546-6336).

For more details on each episode—including transcripts—please visit The A&P Professor website.

May 9, 2023

In Episode 136, host Kevin Patton looks at the effects of tattoos on sweat glands, we discuss aural diversity and how we can accommodate it, and we explore how to use the process of deep elaboration in our course to help challenged learners develop stronger and more useful memories.

00:00 | Introduction

00:47 | Tattoos May Impair Sweating

05:37 | Sponsored by AAA

06:41 | Aural Diversity. It's a Thing.

22:36 | Sponsored by HAPI

24:03 | Deep Elaboration

34:22 | Sponsored by HAPS

35:29 | Deeper Elaboration

47:53 | Staying Connected


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Author and lecturer Helen Keller, who was both blind and deaf, once stated, "Blindness separates people from things; deafness separates people from people. (Helen Keller)


Tattoos May Impair Sweating

5 minutes

It's interesting to see how tattoos can have an impact on our skin and sweat glands. Tattoos involve mechanical stress and potential damage to the skin, and new research suggests that they may negatively affect the sweat glands, impairing sweating in the area of the tattoo. This reduction in sweating is called anhidrosis, which can impact our ability to maintain body temperature and potentially lead to severe conditions such as heat exhaustion or heat stroke. While this is still a preliminary study and more research needs to be done, it's a great example of how discussing real-life applications of anatomy and physiology concepts, such as tattoos, can engage students and make the information more relatable and interesting.

★ Tattooed Skin Negatively Impacts Sweat Gland Function  (summary article from Science Times)

★ Skin tattooing impairs sweating during passive whole body heating (research article from Journal of Applied Physiology)

★ Sweating and body odor (article from Mayo Clinic)

Please rate & review The A&P Professor—it helps others decide whether to give us a try! 😁

Deep Elaboration & Other Stories of Teaching Anatomy & Physiology | TAPP 136


Sponsored by AAA

61 seconds

A searchable transcript for this episode, as well as the captioned audiogram of this episode, are sponsored by the American Association for Anatomy (AAA) at

Searchable transcript

Captioned audiogram 

Anatomical Sciences Education: Early View (articles you can read before they are published in an issue of ASE)

Don't forget—HAPS members get a deep discount on AAA membership!

AAA logo


Aural Diversity. It's a Thing.

16 minutes

In this segment, host Kevin Patton talks about aural diversity, which refers to variations in hearing ability among people. He explains that understanding aural diversity is important for teachers because it helps them reach all of their students, who may have different hearing abilities. Kevin also notes that he has a hearing impairment himself, and that many other people do as well. He offers some strategies for communicating with people who have hearing impairments, such as repeating things louder, more slowly, and with exaggerated annunciation. Kevin emphasizes that it's important for people to be aware of aural diversity so that they can provide help and support to those who need it.

★ The world is built for people with perfect hearing — but 83% of people don't have it (segment on St. Louis Public Radio)

★ Aural Diversity (website all about aural diversity)

★ Aural Diversity Infographic

★ Workshop on aural diversity (video from

★ Auphonic (online sound processing to make your educational media loud enough and clear enough for all students) [this is my affiliate link]

Auphonic ad

★ What Is LUFS, and Why Should I Care? (article that tells you more than you need to know, but not too much to understand easily; Kevin recommends -14 LUFS for education media)

The Silent Teacher - A Conversation with Aaron Fried (includes a segment on why this podcast is so loud)


Sponsored by HAPI Online Graduate Program

84 seconds

The Master of Science in Human Anatomy & Physiology Instruction—the MS-HAPI—is a graduate program for A&P teachers, especially for those who already have a graduate/professional degree. A combination of science courses (enough to qualify you to teach at the college level) and courses in contemporary instructional practice, this program helps you be your best in both on-campus and remote teaching. Kevin Patton is a faculty member in this program at Northeast College of Health Sciences. Check it out!

Logo of Northeast College of Health Sciences, Human Anatomy & Physiology Instruction


Deep Elaboration

10.5 minutes

This segment introduces the Deep Elaboration approach, which is used to help students who learn differently, including students with learning disabilities such as dyslexia, ADHD, and students on the autism spectrum. The Landmark College Institute for Research and Training (LCIRT) offers a variety of professional development programs for helping challenged students, and we are interested in these strategies for neurodiverse learners because they often work well for all students. A strong memory is one that is durable, flexible, and involves desirable difficulty to learn. Deep elaboration is the act of adding more information to existing information to create a more complex whole, which involves asking questions that help build deep explanations of core concepts. This approach focuses on the underlying principles and causes of the material being studied and involves a mechanistic approach rather than a teleological approach.

★ Fostering Deep Elaboration: A “trick” for Getting Info to Stick in Memory (training from Landmark College)

★ Organizing Instruction and Study to Improve Student Learning A Practice Guide (free, downloadable book with many strategies [#7 is deep elaboration]

★ Twelve tips for optimising medical student retention of anatomy (article from Medical Teacher)

★ Landmark College Institute for Research and Training (LCIRT pioneers LD research, discovers innovative strategies and practices, and improves teaching and learning outcomes for students with learning disabilities (like dyslexia), ADHD, and autism, and educators in high school and college settings.)

Desirable Difficulty (Episode 78)


Sponsored by HAPS

55 seconds

The Human Anatomy & Physiology Society (HAPS) is a sponsor of this podcast.  You can help appreciate their support by clicking the link below and checking out the many resources and benefits found there. Watch for virtual town hall meetings and upcoming regional meetings!

Don't miss me at HAPS 23 Annual Conference in Albuquerque NM on the panel of Workshop B305 Editing A&P textbooks through a DEI lens: Authors' perspectives

Anatomy & Physiology Society

HAPS logo


Deeper Elaboration

12.5 minutes

In this segment, we suggest that promoting the think-aloud process among A&P students can help them better understand and make connections with the concepts they are learning. The think-aloud process involves telling themselves or being told to stop and think about why certain concepts or facts work the way they do, and to explain them out loud, write them down, or draw pictures to help reinforce the understanding. By doing so, students can identify where they are weak and need to ask more questions, and create an explanation or self-explanation for themselves. This process can also help students connect new concepts to their existing framework of knowledge and make future connections. We also suggest using concept mapping and running concept lists as physical ways to record and reinforce the think aloud process. Finally, we suggest asking deep questions that intentionally take students deeper than simple facts, such as elaborative interrogation, to better understand the why and logic behind the concepts they are learning.

★ Developing Intercultural Sensitivity (book chapter from The Handbook of Intercultural training; expands on concepts of intercultural sensitivity spectrum discussed in this segment)

★ Uncertainty-Identity Theory (paper from Advances in Experimental Social Psychology)



Production: Aileen Park (announcer),  Andrés Rodriguez (theme composer,  recording artist), team (transcription), Karen Turner (Executive Editor), Kevin Patton (writer, editor, producer, host). (audio processing)



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★ Transcript and captions for this episode are supported by the American Association for Anatomy |

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★ Distribution of this episode is supported by the Northeast College of Health Sciences online graduate program in Human Anatomy & Physiology Instruction (HAPI) |

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