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The A&P Professor Podcast
TAPP Radio

Content updates and teaching advice for teachers of human anatomy & physiology (A&P) from professor, author, and mentor Kevin Patton. 

Have a question, comment, or an idea for an episode you'd like to hear—or in which you would like to participate or help plan? Contact host Kevin Patton. Or call the podcast hotline at 1-833-LION-DEN (1-833-546-6336).

For more details on each episode—including transcripts—please visit The A&P Professor website.

Sep 30, 2019

Host Kevin Patton summarizes many strategies from learning science that can amplify learning in our courses. Also, updates in the role of exosomes in the spread of cancer and how activity type affects the shape of our heart.

00:48 | Jargon: Show Notes & Episode Pages
05:07 | Sponsored by HAPS
07:01 | Role of Exosomes in Spread of Cancer
13:20 | Sponsored by AAA
13:44 | Activity Type Affects Heart Shape
18:03 | Sponsored by HAPI Online Graduate Program
18:35 | Amplifying Learning in A&P: ANSWER
53:30 | Staying Connected

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Give the pupils something to do, not something to learn; and the doing is of such a nature as to demand thinking; learning naturally results. (John Dewey)


1 | Jargon: Show Notes & Episode Page

4 minutes

Kevin explains that show notes are notes and links related to an episode.

You are reading the show notes right now!

The episode page is a page dedicated to an episode at and it contains the show notes, which may also be available in the podcasts or radio app where you listen to episodes.

 show notes


2 | Sponsored by HAPS

2 minutes

The Human Anatomy & Physiology Society (HAPS) is a sponsor of this podcast.  You can help appreciate their support by clicking the link below and checking out the many resources and benefits found there. There are a bunch of 1-day regional workshops scattered all over the continent. There's probably one near you coming up this year (or next)!

  • Cleaning Anatomical Models with Denture Tablets (blog post by Carol Britson)

Anatomy & Physiology Society

 HAPS logo


3 | Exosomes & Metastasis

6.5 minutes

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) such as exosomes and oncosomes play important roles in spreading cancer. For example, exosomes play a role in the metastasis of breast and lung cancer, through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to the brain tissue. We are still working out the mechanisms.

  • Sneaky Spread: How breast cancer uses exosomes to breach the blood-brain barrier (news summary)
  • Brainwashed by extracellular vesicles: the role of extracellular vesicles in primary and metastatic brain tumour microenvironment (review article)
  • What are Oncosomes? (description)

blood brain barrier


4 | Sponsored by AAA

0.5 minutes

 AAA logo


5 | Activity & Heart Shape

4.5 minutes

Evolution has played a role in making human hearts similar to chimpanzee hearts. The left ventricle is thick-walled and short—best suited for shorter and perhaps intense bursts of activity. However, the heart is able to elongate and have a thinner wall to adapt to a lifestyle that features endurance activity.

  • Running—or sitting—can change the shape of your heart (news summary)
  • Selection of endurance capabilities and the trade-off between pressure and volume in the evolution of the human heart (research article)
    • " the human (LV) evolved numerous features that help to augment stroke volume (SV), enabling moderate-intensity EPA. We also show that phenotypic plasticity of the human LV trades off pressure adaptations for volume capabilities, becoming more similar to a chimpanzee-like heart in response to physical inactivity or chronic pressure loading."



6 | Sponsored by HAPI Online Graduate Program

1 minute

The Master of Science in Human Anatomy & Physiology Instruction—the MS-HAPI—is a graduate program for A&P teachers. A combination of science courses (enough to qualify you to teach at the college level) and courses in contemporary instructional practice, this program helps you power up  your teaching. Kevin Patton is a faculty member in this program. Check it out!

 NYCC Human Anatomy and Physiology Instruction


7 | Amplifying Learning in A&P

35 minutes

In this discussion, Kevin borrows a mnemonic acronym from Yee and Boyd (cited below) that summarizes key strategies derived from learning science (cognitive psychology) and riffs on adapting it to the A&P course to amplify learning.



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Transcript and captions for this episode
are supported by the 
American Association for Anatomy.
The Human Anatomy & Physiology Society 
also provides marketing support for this podcast.
Distribution of this episode is supported by 
NYCC's online graduate program in 
Human Anatomy & Physiology Instruction (HAPI)
Clicking on sponsor links 
helps let them know you appreciate
their support of this podcast!
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